Category Archives: Court

Court Monarchy Shakespeare

Macbeth, sonne of Douada

This little snippet comes from John Monipennie’s Certaine matters concerning the realme of Scotland (1597). Although it is traditional to assume that Shakespeare used Raphael Holinshed’s Chronicles as the chief source for his history plays, Monipennie’s chronology was also in circulation at the time of the composition of Macbeth, and it is possible Shakespeare may have owned a copy. The following chronology of Scottish Kings might be of note to anyone who ever wondered what happened in Scotland after Burhnam Wood came to Dunsinane.

Duncane, the first, sonne of Beatrix, daughter of Malcolme the second, began to raigne in the yeere of Christ 1034. A good and a modest Prince. He was slaine by Macbeth traiterously, in the sixth yeere of his raigne.

Macbeth, sonne of Douada, daughter of Malcolme the second, began his raigne in the yeere of Christ 1040. In the beginning of his raigne he behaved himselfe as a good and just Prince, but after, he degenerated into a cruell Tyrant. He was slaine in battell by his Successor Malcolme the third, in the seventeenth yeere of his raigne.

Malcolme the third, surnamed Cammoir, sonne of Duncane the first, began to raigne in the yeere of Christ 1057. A very religious and valiant Prince: he married Margaret, daughter to Edward surnamed the Out-law, sonne to Edward surnamed Iron-side, King of England, a very good and religious woman, according to those times, who bore unto him sixe sonnes and two daughters. The sonnes were Edward the Prince, Edmond Etheldred, Edgar, Alexander, David. The daughters were Mathildis or Maud, surnamed Bona, wife to Henrie the first, surnamed Beauclearke, King of England, the sonne of William the Conquerer of England… The other daughter was Marie, wife to Eustathius, Earle of Boloigne.’

© 2009-2013 All Rights Reserved

Court Entertainment

Punch at Bath

 Robert Powel with Punch & Joan (later to become Judy)
Puppet Shows became very popular in England at the beginning of the eighteenth century, particularly those produced by Robert Powel, whose performances were not restricted to London, but toured England during the season. A description of a show at Bath, which rivalled a production of Alexander The Great, performed by a troupe of wandering actors, occurs in The Tatler on 15th May 1709:
To insure due attention to the wooden actors, the puppet-drummer, Adam and Eve, and several others who lived before the flood, passed through the streets on horseback, to invite us all to the pastime, and the representation of such things as we all knew to be true; and Mr Mayor was so wise as to prefer these innocent people, the puppets, who, he said, were to represent Christians, before the wicked players, who were to shew Alexander, a heathen philosopher. At ten in the morning, all the fashionables of Bath honoured the show, which seems to have been constructed on the principles of the old religious Mysteries and Moralities, with all their absurdities mixed with modern incongruities. Thus, when we came to Noah’s Flood in the show, Punch and his wife were introduced dancing in the Ark.
An honest plain friend of Florimel’s, but a critic withal, rose up in the midst of the representation, and made very many good exceptions to the drama itself, and told us it was against all morality, as well as the rules of the stage, that Punch should be in jest in the deluge, or indeed that he should appear at all. This was certainly a just remark, and I thought to second him, but he was hissed by Prudentia’s party; upon which, really, we, who were his friends, hissed him too. Old Mrs Petulant desired both her daughters to mind the moral: then whispered Mrs Mayoress: ‘This is very proper for young people to see.’ Punch, at the end of the play, made Madam Prudentia a compliment, and was very civil to the whole company, making bows till his buttons touched the ground.
© 2009-2013 All Rights Reserved
Booze Court Entertainment Vice

Booze & Chaos at Court

A hilarious snippet from an account of the festivities held to entertain the King of Denmark on his visit to England in July 1606. Christian IV, like many monarchs at the time, enjoyed drinking and carousing, and  Sir John Harington, courtier and author, wrote an account of some of the livelier activities:

I came here a day or two before the Danish king came; and from the day he did come, until this hour, I have been well-nigh overwhelmed with carousals and sports of all kinds. The sports began each day in such manner and such sort as well-nigh persuaded me of Mohammed’s paradise. We had women, and indeed wine too, in such plenty as would have astonished each sober beholder. Our feasts were magnificent, and the two royal guests did most lovingly embrace each other at table. I think the Dane hath strangely wrought on our good English nobles; for those, whom I never could get to taste good liquor, now follow the fashion, and wallow in beastly delights. The ladies abandon their sobriety, and seem to roll about in intoxication.

One day a great feast was held, and after dinner the representation of Solomon’s temple, and the coming of the Queen of Sheba, was made, or was I may better say, was meant to have been made before their Majesties, by device of the Earl of Salisbury and others. But, alas! As all earthly things do fail to poor mortals in enjoyment, so did prove our presentment thereof. The lady who did play the Queen’s part, did carry most precious gifts to both their majesties; but, forgetting the steps arising to the canopy, overset her caskets into his Danish majesty’s lap, and fell at his feet, though I rather think it was in his face. Much was the harry and confusion; cloths and napkins were at hand, to make all clean. His Majesty then got up, and would dance with the Queen of Sheba; but he fell down and humbled himself before her, and was carried to an inner chamber, and laid on a bed of state; which was not a little denied with the presents of the Queen, which had been bestowed upon his garments: such as wine, cream, beverages, jellies, cakes, spices, and other good matters. The entertainment and show went forward, and most of the presenters went Kickward, or fell down: wine did so occupy their upper chambers.

Now did appear, in rich dress, Hope, Faith, and Charity. Hope did essay to speak, but wine rendered her endeavours so feeble that she withdrew, and hoped the King would excuse her brevity; Faith was then all alone, for I am certain she was not joined with good works, and left the court in a staggering condition: Charity came to the King’s feet, and seemed to cover the multitude of sins her sisters had committed: in some sort she made obeisance, and brought gifts; but said she would return home, as there was no gift which Heaven had not already given his Majesty. She then returned to Hope and Faith, who were both spewing in the lower hall. Next came Victory, in bright armour, and presented a rich sword to the King, who did not accept it, but put it by with his hand; and by a strange medley of versification, did endeavour to make suit to the King. But Victory did not triumph long; for, after much lamentable utterance, she was led away, like a silly captive, and laid to sleep on the outer steps of the ante-chamber. Now, did Peace make entrance, and strive to get forward to the King; but I grieve to tell how great wrath she did discover unto those of her attendants; and, much contrary to her semblance, most rudely made war with her olive-branch, and laid on the pates of those who did oppose her.

© 2009-2013 All Rights Reserved

All original content on these pages is fingerprinted and certified by Digiprove
Follow

Get every new post delivered to your Inbox

Join other followers:

© Shakespeare's England 2009-2014